Strength refers to a muscle's ability to generate force against physical objects. In P2 Personal Training's fitness world, this typically refers to how much weight you can lift for different strength training exercises. This type of resistance can include dumbbells, barbells, resistance bands, machines, cables, medicine balls or your own body weight. When lifting heavy weight, you increase strength, muscle size and connective tissues such as ligaments and tendons.
When properly performed, strength training can provide significant functional benefits and improvements in overall and well-being.
Strength training includes;
- Increased bone, muscle, tendon, and ligament strength and toughness
- Improved joint function reduced potential for injury Increased bone density
- Increased metabolism
- Improved cardiac function
- Elevated HDL ("good") cholesterol
Training commonly uses the technique of progressively increasing the force output of the muscle through incremental weight increases and uses a variety of exercises and types of equipment to target specific muscle groups. Strength training is primarily an anaerobic activity, although some proponents have adapted it to provide the benefits of aerobic through circuit training.